The harmony and unity among Malaysia's multiracial community over the last five decades is a direct manifestation of the five principles of the Rukun Negara.
In fact, the declaration of the national philosophy, which turns 50 on August 31, proves the maturity and nobility of those principles and inculcates good values among the people, despite claims from certain quarters that its essence has faded or diminished over time.
It is evident that Malaysians still enjoy peace and prosperity by adhering to the tenets: Belief in God; Loyalty to King and Country; The Supremacy of the Constitution; The Rule of Law; and Courtesy and Morality.
The main purpose of the Rukun Negara was to strengthen and restore unity among Malaysians following the riots on May 13, 1969, which led to the suspension of the Parliament session and forcing the declaration of a state of emergency.
Following the incident, the National Unity Department was established on July 1, 1969, and the National Goodwill Council on July 18, 1969.